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We can help anyone learn new skills and change behavior. Here at ABA Pathways our team assesses individual needs and develops comprehensive treatment plans. Our clients include, but are not limited to, the following:

 
 

The American Psychiatric Association and DSM 5 defines autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to include these previously distinct diagnoses: autism, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome.

 

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech, and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences.  People on the autism spectrum can have very different symptoms. Symptoms range from mild to highly impacted. Childhood development is affected by ASD, therefore early diagnosis is very important. Any child from birth to at least 36 months of age should be screened for developmental milestones during routine pediatrician visits. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all children be screened for autism at their 18- and 24-month well-baby check-ups.

 

Are you questioning your child’s development?

Signs of autism can be assessed in toddlers (who are walking) as early as 12 months of age to identify signs that may lead to an autism diagnosis. Autism can be reliably diagnosed in children as young as 2 years of age using standardized assessments.

Autism’s most obvious signs, delayed language development, lack of eye contact, poor social connection and rigidity, tend to appear between 2 and 3 years of age. In some cases, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. Some developmental delays associated with autism can be identified and addressed even earlier. The timing and severity of first symptoms can vary widely.

 

Possible signs of autism in babies and toddlers:
 

  • By 6 months:  no social smiles or other warm, joyful expressions directed at people, limited or no eye contact
     

  • By 9 months:  no sharing of vocal sounds, smiles or other non-verbal communication
     

  • By 12 months:  no babbling, no use of gestures to communicate (e.g. pointing, reaching, waving etc.), no response to name when called
     

  • By 16 months: no words
     

  • By 24 months, no meaningful, two-word phrases
     

  • Any loss of previously acquired speech, babbling or social skills​

​​Additional signs of autism at any age:

  • Avoids eye contact and prefers to be alone
     

  • Struggles with understanding other people’s feelings
     

  • Difficulty understanding body language, gestures, facial expressions, social innuendos
     

  • Trouble forming and maintaining relationships
     

  • Has delayed language development or remains non-verbal
     

  • Repeats words or phrases over and over (echolalia)
     

  • Tendency to interpret information too literally
     

  • Obsession with rigid routines and sameness
     

  • Has highly restricted interests
     

  • Performs repetitive behaviors such as flapping, rocking or spinning
     

  • Has unusual and often intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colors

Did you know…

 

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates autism’s prevalence as 1 in 68 children in the United States. This includes 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls. 
     

  • More children will be diagnosed with autism this year than with AIDS, diabetes & cancer combined
     

  • Autism is the fastest-growing serious developmental disability in the U.S.
     

  • Autism costs the nation $137 billion per year
     

  • Autism receives less than 5% of the research funding of many less prevalent childhood diseases
     

  • Boys are four times more likely than girls to have autism
     

  • There is no medical detection or cure for autism
     

  • An estimated 50,000 teens with autism become adults – and lose school-based autism services – each year.
     

  • Around one third of people with autism remain nonverbal.
     

  • Around one third of people with autism have an intellectual disability.
     

  • Certain medical and mental health issues frequently accompany autism. They include gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, seizures, sleep disturbances, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and phobias.

Please go to our resources page on our website for more information and support related to the assessment and diagnosis of ASD. Autism is a complex neurological developmental disability that causes difficulties in social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Health care providers think of autism as a spectrum disorder

 

At Pathways, our focus is helping change behavior, not on a “diagnosis”. We don’t stop at buzz words or get caught up on the “labels” often used in diagnoses, our focus is on what each individual needs in order to bridge any gaps in development.